Having correct IP addresses is crucial for audio-over-IP, and there are specific rules to follow.
To communicate together, the network devices must have a unique IP address, and those addresses have to be in the same range.
E.g, device 1 is using 192.168.0.9 and device 2 is using 192.168.0.39 : the devices can connect together, it's in the same range.
But if device 2 is using 10.0.0.47, it won't be able to communicate with device 1.
Nowadays computers and devices are usually set to automatically get an IP address, and it works fine if there is only 1 network connected.
If there are several networks/network adapters, each network must have its own IP address range, otherwise the system won't know on which network it has to send the data (unless specific exception, for example when "teaming" several adapters, but that is currently not supported on Merging devices).
E.g, network 1 is using 192.168.0.9 and network 2 is using 192.168.0.39 => Not OK
But if network 2 is using 10.0.0.47, the device will be able to communicate on both networks properly.
By default, Merging RAVENNA/AES67 devices are using the 169.254.xxx.xxx range, which is usually not used for standard data or home networks.
Therefore, if the devices are set to automatically get their addresses, you can have both the audio network (on adapter #1) and the data network (on adapter #2) your computer without further IP address configuration.
Note : all mentioned network adapters, switches and devices are Gigabit Ethernet (1Gb).
Please follow the procedure on this page, for Windows or MacOS computers.
On Horus and Hapi devices, browse to the Setup > Network page.
On Anubis, browse to the Home page > Settings > General - Network section
For further details, refer to the device user manual
Managed switch shall be understood in this context as a switch with configurable parameters such as Multicast (IGMP snooping), and QOS (Quality of service).
Merging keeps a list of validated switches for RAVENNA/AES67 networks, with configuration guides to help you set it up.
Please follow this link to view the list and configuration guides.
Applications (DAW or MediaPlayers) have to authorize them self in the computer firewall.
If you have firewall issues, you will have to allow your application in the firewall.
Merging products automatically creates such authorization during their installation, but if you are using third party applications, you may have to do it manually.
Consult this page for general recommendations and good practice.
Subnet mask can be used to create sub-networks, for example to isolate devices.
When setting IP addresses manually, Merging recommends that you let the operating system configure the subnet mask automatically.
For example, with device 1 set to 169.254.1.20 and device 2 to 169.254.10.20 :
with a subnet mask on 255.255.255.0, the devices won't have access to each other, device 1 will have access to other devices using 169.254.1.X address, device 2 to devices using 169.254.10.x
with a subnet mask on 255.255.0.0, the devices will be able to communicate.
Unicast: from one source to one destination i.e. One-to-One
Multicast: from one source to multiple destinations stating an interest in receiving the traffic i.e. One-to-Many
Multicast audio connections allows several nodes to "listen" to a single source, but the network configuration must be multicast capable (managed switches) and properly configured (otherwise there will be audio issues, or no audio at all).
Unicast network configuration is much simpler, and does not require advanced configuration.
But Unicast audio requires to create 1 source per destination, while Multicast allows to have 1 single source to be sent to several destinations, which changes the network bandwidth used.
If you have to connect 2 devices together (e.g. 1 Anubis and 1 CoreAudio Mac), you can use Unicast, whether the physical connection is direct or through a standard gigabit network switch (unmanaged).
If you have more than 2 devices to connect, but are not sharing any modules between the devices, you can also use Unicast. A typical setup would be a Hapi sending its AD Mic inputs into your DAW, and your DAW sending its ouputs into Anbuis for Monitoring purpose.
If you have more than 2 devices to connect, but need to share modules between the devices, you have no choice but to use Multicast. For example, if you want to send a Hapi AD Mic inputs into your DAW and also in a backup recorder, or if you want to monitor a Hapi AD Mic inputs in Anubis and record those in your DAW.